The transport situation in Moscow is largely due to the historical features of the city's architectural planning. The city, in particular, is just not enough roads. If in London for one car for 98 square meters of the road network in the capital of Russia - still only 27. In this sense, Moscow is more similar to Asian cities than to the European, and not at all like the American city, many of which were built originally as to them it was convenient to travel by car. Along with the development of road infrastructure, the Moscow authorities are trying to solve the transport problem by using digital technology. This topic has become a leitmotif of the discussion on a special section of the forum "Internet + City", organized by the Institute of Internet development.
As explained by the advisor of the head of the Department of Transportation and Development of Moscow road transport infrastructure Dmitry Ufaev, key areas of IT development of the transport complex in Moscow are a closer integration of already existing systems, the introduction of more sophisticated means of analysis and interpretation of Big Data, the introduction of systems with machine vision technology, as well as the creation of convenient and high-quality transport services to Moscow residents using open data.
Efforts are already yielding results. The most significant of them is that digital technology could reduce the number of fatal accidents in Moscow.
Less fatal traffic accident
"The movement in Moscow was more secure, and the traffic situation has improved; progress was made on most of the main indicators ", - said the head of the Centre traffic management of the Moscow government (CCU TSODD) Vadim Yuriev. So, if in the first eight months of 2015 in the capital killed 433 people, over the same period of the current year as a result of road accidents 350 people died; per thousand decreased the total number of road accident victims.
In the period from 1990 to 2010 in Moscow in the middle of a thousand people perished, said the director of the Institute of Transport Economics and Transport Policy of the Higher School of Economics Mikhail Blinkin. The current decline in the number of fatal road accidents, he described as "tremendous result" achieved not only through administrative measures, but primarily due to the launch in Moscow of infrastructure of new generation solutions based on modern technologies such as dynamic transport model, Big Data, remote monitoring tools and etc.
In particular, thanks to new approaches to the organization of traffic stopped completely head-on collisions on the Kiev highway, where the earlier accident was very high: the accident occurred on a daily basis, and head-on collisions (mainly due to overspeed) - once a week. In the first nine months of 2016 we were able to almost completely solve the problem. In general, in Moscow such a dangerous violation like speeding at 40-60 km / h, began to record 9% less than a year earlier. Currently, MAS TSODD together with scientists from the Moscow State University on the basis of a dynamic transport model developed for metropolitan traffic accident forecasting system that will make movement on the roads of the capital safer.
Mobile applications will facilitate movement
The more people peresyadet for public transport, the safer it will be the situation on the roads, experts at the forum. The city authorities have strongly contribute to this: open up new areas of paid parking, improving public transit, launch major infrastructure projects. But few start new routes, you also need to teach citizens to use them. To raise awareness of Muscovites about new ways to get around the city to help the public online services and mobile applications. At the end of this year Deptrans provide residents and visitors a new mobile application - "Metropolitan", by which it will be possible to receive all the necessary information about the city's subway, on this forum said the director of IT projects of the transport complex of Moscow, Sergei Protopopov.
The new application will enable users to get the information they need about the subway, get directions using both subway trains and trains of the Moscow central ring, to replenish the travel card "Troika" and even apply for low mobile users support in the lobbies of the metro and the MSC. And in the near future as promised Protopopov, the department in conjunction with CCU TSODD release a single mobile application "Moscow transport". With it, you can get comprehensive information around the transport sector of the capital, including data on the road network congestion. Users of the application will be able to build the so-called multimodal transit routes, on different types of surface and underground public transport travel cards to replenish their accounts, and more. As part of this project is scheduled to open information about the traffic situation in the city and algorithms of construction of multimodal routes, which will allow third party developers to offer users their own services and applications focused on the development of the transport complex in Moscow. It is precisely the use of open data, mentioned by Ufaev.
Trains lead machinists
Along with advanced approaches in the development of the transport complex metropolis is present and healthy conservatism, which in some areas is not a hindrance, but rather a necessary condition for the smooth functioning. Thus, the Moscow Metro, run one of the largest networks in the world free access to Wi-Fi, it is in no hurry to transfer the train in unmanned mode.
As deputy head of the development of underground stlichnogo Deptransa Victor Kalschikov, in the next five years, the Moscow Metro is unlikely to launch a system of automatic driving trains. He noted that in some large cities underground world is already moving on the unmanned train - systems are being introduced there, to increase the capacity of this type of public transport and the smooth movement of trains, that is, to increase the quality of service.
"We are comparing ourselves with foreign counterparts, which preferred this course, we understand that, for the sake of doing the automation of automation, improve the quality of service will not be possible", - said Kalschikov.
According to him, none of the global or domestic manufacturer can not provide a comprehensive unmanned subway system capable of automatically maintain mezhpoezdnoy interval of 90 seconds (which is considered a record in the world). And this range is maintained in the Moscow subway on many lines. Kalschikov convinced that the existing worldwide system of automatic driving is not enough reliable and at any moment can fail. Meanwhile, all the trains, which are received by the metropolitan subway for the past five years, is technically able to move in automatic mode. These smart even train themselves can diagnose yourself if there's a defect is detected, this is reported immediately in the art, and the train is removed from the line for a visit. Nevertheless, the absence of reliable comprehensive system of automatic movement does not allow to transfer trains in unmanned mode. In addition, Kalschikov pointed to the complexity of the infrastructure associated with the implementation of such an initiative. According to him, currently there is no communication standards, which in the specific conditions of underground railway is guaranteed to provide a stable signal reception on the line "train system".
"If the communications industry will next breakthrough on the horizon of five years in the Moscow subway, maybe there will be no train drivers", - concluded the representative Deptransa.